The first-generation RAV4 debuted in 1994, when body-on-frame four-wheel drive vehicles were positioned as off-road vehicles. The RAV4 would go on to play a pivotal role in the development of a new market for the passenger-friendly sport utility vehicle (SUV/crossover SUV). New models continue to be launched in the ever-expanding crossover SUV market.
Based on creating a "Robust Accurate Vehicle with 4 Wheel Drive," the new RAV4 development concept blends the power and sophistication of an SUV, achieving top-class generous rear cargo space and outstanding driving performance realised by a new 4WD system.
The elevated cabin design emphasises passenger convenience, featuring easy-to-use open trays and cup holders. The latest Toyota Safety Sense preventive safety package comes standard in all models, and the available Connected Services offer a safe, secure, comfortable, and convenient drive experience.
The world's first Dynamic Torque Vectoring AWD system enables precise and stable steering by adopting a torque vectoring mechanism, which independently distributes torque to the left and right rear wheels according to driving conditions in addition to the front and rear wheels. It also incorporates a disconnect mechanism that transmits driving force to the rear wheels when 4WD driving is deemed unnecessary, significantly reducing energy loss and improving fuel efficiency.
The chief engineer in charge of development, Yoshikazu Saeki, explained, "We aimed to develop a car that stimulates the curiosity of customers, inspiring their desire to try something new and to experience the joy of driving anywhere, anytime, and as far as they want.”
The RAV4 features TNGA concept-based 2.0-litre Dynamic Force Inline 4-cylinder direct-injection engine mated to a Direct Shift-CVT continuously variable transmission realises powerful, smooth driving, as well as excellent fuel efficiency. Also available are hybrid models that are equipped with an all-new 2.5-litre hybrid system featuring a 2.5-litre Dynamic Force Engine based on the TNGA concept, realising both excellent fuel efficiency and smooth acceleration.
As hybrid vehicles that employ a 4WD system, RAV4 hybrid models leverage a new E-Four that inherits cutting-edge hybrid technology. In concert with increased maximum torque of the rear wheels, a new control system allows torque distribution to the front and rear wheels to be changed from between 100:0 to 20:80. Optimised control of torque distribution to the front and rear wheels during cornering enhances steering stability. An increase in rear-wheel torque contributes to a sense of safety when starting the car on inclines in snow or rain.
The latest Toyota Safety Sense preventive safety package comes standard on all models, and includes features such as a pre-collision safety system, Dynamic Radar Cruise Control, Lane Tracing Assist, Automatic High Beam, Road Sign Assist as well as preceding vehicle departure notification.
The new RAV4 is equipped with Intelligent Clearance Sonar to detect walls and other vehicles during low-speed driving, Rear Cross Traffic Auto Brake to detect approaching vehicles in the rear when reversing to reduce or mitigate damage from collisions, and a Parking Support Brake to assist with safety in parking lots.
To offer all customers an opportunity to experience Connected Services, all models come standard with an on-board Data Communication Module (DCM) and a three-year complimentary subscription to the T-Connect service.
X-Trail customers can choose from two all-new engines – one petrol, one diesel – linked to two transmissions – a six-speed manual, or an all-new seven-speed Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT) automatic.
With the option of two-wheel-drive for those who rarely venture off-road and four-wheel drive for those who need additional traction, the upgraded Nissan X-Trail is the perfect SUV for active families who love the outdoors.
Jean-Philippe Roux, General Manager, Crossovers, Nissan Europe, commented: “The Nissan X-Trail is now better than ever thanks to a completely new range of powertrains. No matter what your adventure is, there’s an X-Trail for you.”
The new diesel engine is a 1.7-litre dCi 150 PS unit. It’s available in 2WD and 4WD, and with a six-speed manual gearbox.
The new petrol engine is a 1.3-litre DIG-T 160 PS unit, available in 2WD and with a Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT). New to the X-Trail line-up, the DCT provides customers with a sporty and more direct dynamic experience, improved standing-start performance and smoother power delivery.
The DCT features electrical on-demand cooling and electro-mechanic gear actuation to improve efficiency. It provides clear benefits to customers – both private and fleet – as the driver experiences an immediate gear shift with no power interruptions. The absence of a torque converter creates a more direct driving feeling, making it more fun to drive.
The Nissan X-Trail is the perfect vehicle for family adventures, having an option of either five or seven seat layout. The Intelligent 4x4 system means it’s highly capable off-road.
All new X-Trail powertrains meet the latest Euro6d-Temp emissions standard.
The S sport suspension with damping control, dynamic all-wheel steering and the ceramic brake system tick all the boxes for dynamic cornering and deceleration. The striking design with the sophisticated looks of an S model lends these sporty full-size models particular presence.
The huge torque peaking at 700 newton-metres constantly available on demand to the driver across an engine speed range of 2,500 to 3,100 rpm is the ideal basis for performance-minded customers in Europe. The S TDI models offer high driving dynamics and efficiency – an especially attractive combination for long-distance driving.
With the S6 and S7 TDI models Audi systematically takes the successful drive concept of the SQ7 TDI to the next level. For the first time, Audi’s engineers have paired an electric powered compressor with a 48-volt primary electrical system. This takes the three-litre V6 TDI’s total power output to 257 kW (349 hp). Power transmission is handled by the eight-speed tiptronic automatic transmission, which always operates in tandem with quattro permanent all-wheel drive.
The electric powered compressor delivers high starting performance. As well as very vigorous acceleration, the electric supercharger provides a repeatable boost function when accelerating. This means the EPC pre-empts any hint of turbo lag, and enables high responsiveness and powerful acceleration in every driving situation.
The EPC’s response time is under 250 milliseconds, its peak output is seven kilowatts and its maximum speed is 70,000 rpm. The electric turbocharger’s boost function extends all the way to an engine speed of 1,650 rpm. Thanks to dual supercharging, in other words the EPC working in tandem with the exhaust turbocharger, the full-size S models achieve a constant torque of 700 newton-metres across an engine speed range of 2,500 to 3,100 rpm. The EPC supports the TDI’s turbocharger whenever there is insufficient energy in the exhaust gas for a spontaneous torque buildup – when starting off or accelerating at low load, from a low engine speed.
The V6-TDI complete with EPC propels the new S6 Sedan from 0 to 100 km/h in 5.0 seconds, with the S6 Avant and S7 Sportback taking a tenth of a second longer over the standard sprint. The top speed is electronically limited to 250 km/h.
In overseas markets – to reflect local customer preferences and driving profiles – the S6 and S7 will be available as the 2.9 TFSI with an output of 450 hp and 600 Nm of torque. Like the TDI models, the V6 gasoline version will be equipped with both the EPC and the 48-volt MHEV system, for more performance and efficiency.
While the EPC boosts the performance, the mild-hybrid system (MHEV) helps to improve fuel efficiency. The 48-volt MHEV system comprises a belt alternator starter (BAS) and a lithium‑ion battery with a capacity of 10 Ah housed in the vehicle floor beneath the luggage compartment. The BAS is connected to the crankshaft. During deceleration it can recover up to 8 kW of power, which it then stores in the lithium-ion battery. When the driver accelerates again, the BAS reacts instantly by restarting the engine.
As on every S model from Audi, quattro permanent all-wheel drive comes as standard. In normal driving conditions, its self-locking center differential distributes torque between the front and rear axle in a 40:60 ratio. If one wheel encounters slip, most of the drive torque goes to the axle with the better traction. In the extreme, 70% can flow to the front wheels and 85% to the rear wheels.
The new Audi S models are excellent cars for long-distance driving – among other reasons thanks to their rigid body structure which largely suppresses noise interference, their advanced aerodynamics and aeroacoustics, as well as their spacious interiors and luggage compartments. Depending on body version, the latter have a capacity of 530 litres, up to 1,390 litres (S7 Sportback) and up to 1,680 litres (S6 Avant).
The new large S models will be making their debut in European markets in summer 2019. The starting prices in Germany are €76,500 ($85,680) for the S6 Sedan, €79,000 ($86,480) for the S6 Avant and €82,750 ($92,680) for the S7 Sportback.
The Design Series blends unique Mulliner exterior and interior features, together with a suite of existing Bentayga options, to create a highly desirable special edition. Handcrafted in Crewe, England, the special edition Bentayga V8 Design Series is based on the dynamic and agile Bentayga V8. It joins an extraordinary line-up of models that includes the Bentayga Speed and the Bentayga Hybrid.
The Design Series further enhances the Bentayga’s elegantly sculpted and athletic stance, reflecting supreme levels of luxury and performance. Key new Mulliner features include Palladium Grey Paragon alloy wheels and Self Levelling Wheel Badges. Inside the colour-themed cabin, an all-new carbon fibre weave and Duotone colour palette are available for the first time, as well as an accent design line colour split with Beluga main hide seats and a stylish Breitling clock with mother of pearl face.
Bentayga Blackline specification is included as standard, with imposing features such as a body-coloured lower front bumper apron and twin gloss black tailpipes, to showcase the V8’s distinctive burble. Discreet Design Series badging on the lower front doors identifies this Bentayga’s special edition credentials.
The Bentayga V8 Design Series fuses exquisite luxury with power, usability and extensive sporting ability. With its new-generation 4.0-litre petrol engine, its responsive performance is fully customisable on demand by the driver through Bentley’s Drive Dynamics system, from limousine-like refinement to sporting precision.
The V8’s dynamic unit develops 542 bhp (550 PS) and 568 lb.ft. (770 Nm) of torque, resulting in a top speed of 180 mph (290 km/h) and 0-60 mph in 4.4 seconds (100 km/h in 4.5 seconds).
As with all Bentaygas, the all-wheel drive Design Series is equipped with Electronic Differential Lock and four Drive Dynamic modes that help take luxury to new places. Sport mode provides a more dynamic drive, while a greater exhaust character, as well as a firmer suspension tune, further increase driver engagement.